Spanish Journal of Innovation and Integrity <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong><em>Spanish Journal of Innovation and Integrity (SJII)</em></strong><em> <strong>ISSN 2792-8268 </strong>is open access, a peer-reviewed platform focused on innovative research aspects of multidisciplinary issues on integration while contributing to the constant scientific research and training, so as to promote research in different fields of basic and applied sciences. <strong>Journal </strong>accepts research papers, case studies, survey papers, academic project works, scholarly articles, academic articles, original or extended versions of previously published papers in conferences, scholarly journals, and basic advances in research articles, review articles with top-level work from all areas.</em><em> <br /><br /></em><strong><em>SJII</em></strong><em> welcomes the submission of manuscripts that meet the general criteria of significance and scientific excellence in all the fields of basic and applied sciences. Submitted articles must not have been<strong> </strong>previously published or be currently under consideration for publication any place else and should report original unpublished research results. All research articles, review articles, short communications and technical notes are pre-reviewed by the editor, and if appropriate, sent for blind peer review.</em></p> <p><em>The Journal covers topics including (but not limited to): </em></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>The manuscript </strong><em>number will be mailed to the corresponding author within 24 hours after submission. The reviewing process will be completed within </em><em>7</em><em> days. The manuscripts will be published online 3 days after acceptance &amp; payment and will be indexed at major academic databases.</em><em> </em></p> <p><em>On the behalf of <strong>Spanish Journal of Innovation and Integrity (SJII) ISSN 2792-8268</strong>, I would like to extend my regard to all following researchers and scholars and wish prosperity in their field.<br /><br /><strong>Spanish Journal of Innovation and Integrity</strong> Published by <strong>Indexed Research Publishing Group</strong> on the following address <strong>C. Valencia, 55, 35006, Spain.</strong><br /></em></p> Indexed Research Publishing Company en-US Spanish Journal of Innovation and Integrity 2792-8268 Attract Current Investments to Innovation Projects in the National Economy Legal Basis <p>This article presents scientific research data on the effective application of legal laws on the creation of facilities for foreign entities, state guarantees of this activity by attracting foreign investments to innovative projects based on the legislation of the Republic of Uzbekistan.</p> Aliyeva Nigora Bozor kizi Copyright (c) 2023 2023-05-06 2023-05-06 18 1 6 Some Issues of Competence in Digitalization of Education <p>One of our main goals is to develop the basic competencies of the growing boys and girls, who are considered the foundations of our future, in accordance with the requirements of today's students and young people. In order to achieve these goals, we analyze the content of the concept of "Competence" from the scientific literature of the opinions of our Republic and foreign pedagogic scientists.</p> Tadjibayeva Rayhonaxon Muhammadjon-qizi Copyright (c) 2023 2023-05-08 2023-05-08 18 7 10 Directing a Public School Student to Music Schools by Making them Interested in the Science of Music Culture <p>the article extensively covers the content of the methodological possibilities of directing young people to music schools who have the ability to take music culture classes in secondary schools to the level of the requirements of world education standards and orient students in some art direction by interesting them to the science of “Music Culture”.</p> Kulmurodov Nodir Ulmasovich Kadirberganova Dilrabo Artovna Copyright (c) 2023 2023-05-06 2023-05-06 18 11 14 Interactions of Structural and Technological Systems of Single Bucket Excavators <p>The solution to the issue of increasing the efficiency of the hydraulic drive of road earthmoving machines should be based to a large extent on the study of the balance of acting forces and the distribution of power for each cycle in real operating conditions of road construction machines, as well as generalizing the experience of their use. This article is about it.</p> Ilhomjon Ikromjanovich Usmanov Kamoliddin Juraboyevich Rustamov arimulla Irgashevich Magdiyev Mavlyan Saidakhrorovich Kudaybergenov Jonibek Zatnitdinovich Ulashov Copyright (c) 2023 2023-05-07 2023-05-07 18 15 18 FROM THE HISTORY OF UZBEKISTAN MADRASSA (In the case of the Barak Khan madrasa) <p>This article describes the history, architectural style and activity of one of the largest and oldest madrasas in Central Asia, the most beautiful architectural monument of the 16th century in Tashkent - the Baraqkhan madrasa.</p> Shahzod MASHRAPOV, Copyright (c) 2023 2023-05-08 2023-05-08 18 19 21 Methods of Teaching Sciences in the Information-Education Environment <p>This article presents some ideas about the subjects taught in the information-educational environment and the requirements for their teaching methodology.</p> Mavluda Umbarovna Eshborieva Copyright (c) 2023 2023-05-08 2023-05-08 18 22 25 Today's State of Teaching Physical Education in Educational Institutions <p>In the world, technologies have been developed to further develop the quality of education in physical education classes of schoolchildren, improve the system of physical culture, increase the efficiency of the physical activity process, and effectively organize school physical education classes. This article talks about the work being done in this regard in our country.</p> Gulnoz Vasiljanovna Eldasheva, Copyright (c) 2023 2023-05-01 2023-05-01 18 26 29 A Method of Basic Relationships of Trigonometric Functions <p>The study of trigonometric functions is of particular importance in the course of trigonometry. This article provides information about a method of the main connections of trigonometric functions.</p> Jorayev Latifjon Gayratovich Copyright (c) 2023 2023-05-16 2023-05-16 18 30 32 Modern Methodology of English Language Teaching <p>Learning English is very relevant today. In most countries of the world, English is widely used in diplomacy, business and commercial documents. It is one of the five official languages of the United Nations along with French, Spanish, Russian and Chinese. Every seventh person in the world knows or is learning English. Learning a foreign language is mandatory in every higher education institution and is based on two main aspects - teaching vocabulary and grammar.</p> Kutlimuratova Altingul Parakhatovna Copyright (c) 2023 2023-05-16 2023-05-16 18 33 35 Primitive Community Layout Architecture <p>the primitive community system is written about the emergence of the first and longest continuous stages in the history of human development, the first history of Architecture, Art and architecture.</p> Mukhammedyar Alliyarov Copyright (c) 2023 2023-05-16 2023-05-16 18 36 38 Cultural Life in Uzbekistan during the Years of Independence <p>This article talks about the development of cultural life, national literature, art, and theater in Uzbekistan during the years of independence. Reasonable opinions and comments are presented throughout the article.</p> Tajimuratova Shaxnoza Sag’inbaevna Copyright (c) 2023 2023-05-16 2023-05-16 18 39 41 The Folk According to the History of the Uprising in Khiva Khanate In 1916 <p>The article emphasizes the need to pay attention to the examples of folk art in the study of the history of the popular uprising of 1916. The Karakalpak people to their songs gives historical information on the uprising under the leadership of Avesian Khodja in Khiva khanate. Also, the uprising that arose in connection with the events of "mardikor" is widely covered in folk art. The task of historians is to make extensive use of these valuable historical sources.</p> Utegenov KH Copyright (c) 2023 2023-05-16 2023-05-16 18 42 45 Learning Tasks are the Most Important Tool that Develops the Skill of Logical Thinking <p>the article focuses on the development of the ability to work independently through teaching historical science in higher education, without giving the puples ready-made knowledge, motivating him to search, to search and analyze the data itself, to teach students knowledge and skills, such as how to work with data, how and where to look for information, how to compare and analyze data.</p> Yerzhanova Gulchehra Medatbaevna Copyright (c) 2023 2023-05-16 2023-05-16 18 46 50 Composition and Application of Questions Teaching Logical Thinking in History Lessons <p>the article focuses on the development of the ability to work independently through teaching historical science in higher education, without giving the puples ready-made knowledge, motivating him to search, to search and analyze the data itself, to teach students knowledge and skills, such as how to work with data, how and where to look for information, how to compare and analyze data.</p> Yerzhanova Gulchehra Medatbayevna Copyright (c) 2023 2023-05-16 2023-05-16 18 51 58 Construction and Identification Psychometric Properties of K4MI Measurement Instruments: Leadership, Cooperation, Commitment, Self-Confidence, Motivation, Initiative <p>The largest green industry in the world is thought to be located in the Indonesian Green Industrial Zone (KIHI) in the Industrial and International Port (KIPI) area of North Kalimantan Province. The building phase, which employs about 100,000 people, and the operational stage, which employs up to 60,000 people, both take a significant amount of labor to produce. In order to welcome KIHI and KIPI, North Kalimantan must prepare its people resources, one of which is done through Vocational High Schools (SMK). Instruments are required to measure leadership, cooperation, commitment, self-confidence, motivation, and student initiative because these are non-cognitive skills and work attitudes that vocational high school students must have in order to meet the demands of business and industry during the recruitment process for prospective workers, positive work attitude will help individual career success. The study consisted of three scenarios: 1) K4MI construct exploration, 2) K4MI scale construction, and 3) identification of psychometric properties. The analytical method used in the first scenario is qualitative, while the second and third scenarios use quantitative methods. The data collection technique is a personality inventory and a typical performance test, namely a Likert scale consisting of favorable and unfavorable items. The research sample was selected by simple random sampling as many as 300 students of Vocational High Schools in North Kalimantan. The data analysis used consisted of validity and reliability tests using SPSS. The results of the validity and reliability tests found that of the 61 items consisting of aspects of Leadership, Cooperation, Commitment, Self-Confidence, Achievement Motivation, and Initiative (K4MI) 52 valid items were obtained with a value of &gt; 0.20 and reliable with a value of &gt; 0.61.</p> Ahsan Sofyan Riski Sovayunnato Siti Rahmi Zainal Abidin Muhja Suhartini Azis Anwar Copyright (c) 2023 2023-05-16 2023-05-16 18 59 70 Assessing the Impact of Competition on Improving the Efficiency and Quality of Services in the Service Sector <p>Timely adaptation of enterprises to the competitive conditions of the unstable and changing external environment should be carried out in the process of evaluating the effectiveness of its use based on a comprehensive and continuous analysis of the activities of competitors, their strategic potential. Determining the company's position in the market of goods and services compared to competitors, that is, the importance of system analysis in evaluating the competitiveness of the company is incomparable. In this, understanding the predefined characteristics with strict relationships between factors, taking into account connections, evaluation criteria in order to choose the best solution evaluated.</p> Umid Kholboev Copyright (c) 2023 2023-05-17 2023-05-17 18 71 74 Improving the Structural Structure of the Service Industry by Sectors <p>the article considers the structure of the service sector by industry and the issues of improving these industries. The influence of social and scientific and technological progress in society on the formation of a modern service sector was also studied.</p> Mukhammedov Murоd Mukhammedovich Mukhammedova Zarina Murodovna Copyright (c) 2023 2023-05-17 2023-05-17 18 75 77 Increasing and Developing the Financial Efficiency of Small Business <p>The article discusses the pressing issues of today to increase the impact of small business development on improving their financial efficiency. The main indicators of the level of entrepreneurship development are noted. Based on practical material, specific recommendations are given on the formation of a civilized market and the achievement of optimal employment of the population.</p> Aziza Tokhirovna Akhmedova Copyright (c) 2023 2023-05-17 2023-05-17 18 78 80 Advantages of Using Digital Technologies in the Educational System <p>In this article, in order to further develop the education system and increase the quality of education in Uzbekistan, suggestions are given on the digitization of the education system, the use of modern information technologies in educational processes, and the improvement of its efficiency.</p> Xalikova Lola Nazarovna Copyright (c) 2023 2023-05-17 2023-05-17 18 81 84 Individuality in the Interchangeable Use of Punctuation <p>The article discusses how certain punctuation marks in Uzbek have synonymous relationships, meaning that one mark can be used in place of another in a text. It presents an argument about the proper use and function of punctuation marks, and how they are closely linked to the syntax of the language. The article provides factual examples to illustrate that while there is a practice of substituting one punctuation mark for another, this approach may not always yield the intended effect.</p> Xayrulloyeva Gulasal Fayzullo qizi Copyright (c) 2023 2023-05-17 2023-05-17 18 85 86 Importance of Using National Values in Education of Primary School Students <p>This article discusses the types of our national values, their place in our lives, the use of national axiology in the education of elementary school students, and their upbringing in the spirit of respect for our national values.</p> Farkhodova Durdona Mansur Copyright (c) 2023 2023-05-17 2023-05-17 18 87 89 Testing of a Truck Tire Man (4x2), (6x4), in the Operating Conditions of the Hot Climate of the Republic of Uzbekistan <p>The issues of operation of automotive equipment in special conditions were studied in the works; however, these works do not contain practical recommendations on the use of specific types of automotive equipment in the operating conditions of the hot climate of the Republic of Uzbekistan.</p> Raxmanqulov Fyasix Xamzayevich Boliyev Mansur Tuygunovich Ashurov Ortiq Foziljonovich Copyright (c) 2023 2023-05-17 2023-05-17 18 90 97 Development of Socio-Pedagogical Competence in Students (in the Example of Teaching Pedagogical Sciences) <p>Development of competence is a process that does not stop during the entire career of a specialist. In this process, the readiness of graduates for professional activity depends not only on acquired knowledge, skills and qualifications, but also on some additional qualities, and today the concepts of "competence" and "competence", which are the main units of the competent approach, are being used to define it. This article covers such issues.</p> Feruza Makhammatkosimovna Kuchkarova Khusniddin Orzikulov Copyright (c) 2023 2023-05-17 2023-05-17 18 98 103 Methodology for the Study of Acetylene and Hydrocarbons Using Interactive Methods <p>The development of personality is of particular importance in the modern model of education. One of the aspects of personality development is the development of mental activity, where generalization and systematization of knowledge occupies a significant place. As mentioned above, the psychological and pedagogical significance of generalizing knowledge is great. It consists in the development of logical thinking, creative abilities of students, the creation of a holistic scientific picture of the world in their minds, in the formation of a scientific worldview.</p> Razakov Gulomjon Abduvohidovich Nizamov Isomiddin G’iyos o‘g‘li Copyright (c) 2023 2023-05-17 2023-05-17 18 104 107 An Imputable International Organization of the New Uzbekistan: Economic Relations with the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation, on the New Horizon <p>This article discusses the history of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization structure, goals and objectives. Also, the structural structures of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization, the ongoing economic cooperation are covered in detail. It is worth noting that in our scientific research conducted in the period of the third renaissance in New Uzbekistan, mutual relations with the Shanghai Cooperation Organization and prospective plans were analyzed in detail.</p> Khalikulov Rustam Kholikulova Umida Copyright (c) 2023 2023-05-17 2023-05-17 18 108 112 The Effects of ICT on Teaching a Foreign Language <p>To address the changes brought on by the globalization era at the personal and professional levels, the field of education in general and that of languages in particular are constantly evolving. For education to be relevant in today's globalized society, it must change and evolve. In the current digital society, integrating and utilizing information and communication technologies (ICT) is one of the priorities of the education community.</p> <p>Developing digital practices in language classes is now essential in order to meet the demands and challenges of the globalized world. The goal of learning a foreign language is to prepare future global citizens who are not just open to other languages and cultures, but also... To that end, the adoption of ICT in language instruction appears to have evolved into a requirement for the modernization of the educational landscape and instructional strategies.</p> <p>In this paper, we will first look at how ICTs can help with language instruction. The presentation of a "language training center" in an Algerian university, where ICTs are an essential component of the teaching practices, will take up the majority of the second section and allow us to gauge the influence of new technologies on foreign language learning and instruction.</p> Dilfuza Yulchiyeva Zafarjon qizi Copyright (c) 2023 2023-05-17 2023-05-17 18 113 116 Organization of Expertise for Road Traffic Accidents and Violations of Road Traffic Rules <p>The article presents an approach to entrepreneurial activities in the field of road traffic safety and the assessment of this new activity, as well as priority directions for organizing this activity.</p> Usmanova Maxira Nuraliyevna Abdusamatov Erkinjon. Xalim o‘g‘li Raxmanov Baxtiyor Barnoyevich Copyright (c) 2023 2023-05-17 2023-05-17 18 117 120 The Need for Rapid Development of the Service Sector in Post-Industrial Society <p>The concept of the transition to a post-industrial society and the need for rapid development of the service sector in a post-industrial society are highlighted in the article with scientific grounds. It is also written about the transition of industrialized countries to the service economy, fundamental changes in the structure of social reproduction, and the dominance of the service sector economy over other sectors.</p> Jahongir Rasulovich Zaynalov Zarina Murodovna Mukhammedova Copyright (c) 2023 2023-05-17 2023-05-17 18 121 124 Securities Market of the Republic of Uzbekistan: State and Prospects of Development <p>This article examines the securities market and its tasks, analyzes the state of the securities market in the Republic of Uzbekistan, identifies the problems of functioning of this market and determines the prospects for its development.</p> Ulbashev Khubbim Askarovich Copyright (c) 2023 2023-05-17 2023-05-17 18 125 128 Lexical and Semantic Means of Nicknames and Pseudonym <p>In this article investigates analysis of the semantic features of nicknames and nicknames showed that the lexical and semantic means of creating these secondary nominations are metaphor, metonymy and antonomy (both metaphorical and metonymic). The formation of the meaning of secondary names occurs due to the simultaneous realization of the systemic meaning and the occasional meaning. As a result of such interaction, a system of two concepts about one subject arises: the properties of the one in question are viewed through the properties of the one whose name it is designated by.</p> Obidova Azizaxon Davronboy qizi Nishonov Usmonxon Copyright (c) 2023 2023-05-23 2023-05-23 18 129 132 Pseudonym and Nicknames as Special Nominative <p>In this article an attempt was made to consider the main features of the nomination, primarily secondary ones; to determine the place of nicknames and nicknames in the classification of names; to determine the categorical features of nicknames and pseudonym from the point of view of the theory of nomination.</p> Obidova Azizaxon Davronboy qizi Usmanova Sevara Sultanovna Copyright (c) 2023 2023-05-23 2023-05-23 18 133 136 Translation of Legal Terminology <p>The article addresses current advancements in this field as well as small-scale terminology mining as employed by independent legal translators in practice. From the standpoint of cognitive linguistics, major characteristics of legal phrases are explored. Phrases are viewed as cues that activate prior knowledge systems. Then a variety of resources are offered, ranging from the oldest, such as dictionaries, to more modern online and electronic sources, such search engines and discussion boards. Their main benefits include shorter search times, improved translation capabilities, and knowledge of how other translators have previously handled related terminological issues (established equivalents).</p> Aymetova Nozima Copyright (c) 2023 2023-05-24 2023-05-24 18 137 139 Methodology of Teaching Pedagogical Skills in the Field of Energy Education <p>This article explores the methodology of teaching pedagogical skills in the field of energy education. The development of the energy sector is critical in ensuring economic growth and environmental sustainability. To ensure effective energy education, teachers must possess pedagogical skills that enable them to deliver content in a manner that is engaging and informative to learners. This article provides a literature review of teaching methodologies, approaches, and strategies used in teaching energy education. It also identifies the pedagogical skills that teachers must possess when teaching energy education and discusses how these skills can be developed.</p> Khatamova Zumrad Nazirjonovna Mamasidiqova Shoira Muminjonovna Copyright (c) 2023 2023-05-24 2023-05-24 18 140 143 Studying the Features of the Course of Differential Equations <p>The article shows the expediency of teaching the elements of the theory of differential equations, which are a natural continuation of one of the main meaningful lines of mathematics - the line of equations.</p> Baymuratova Klara Amangelgievna Copyright (c) 2023 2023-05-24 2023-05-24 18 144 145 Theoretical Problems of Education and Professional Direction of Students through Developing the Artistic World View on a Basis of Studying the History of the Second Renaissance of the East <p>This article deals with the issues of preparing students for the profession of designer, studying the uniqueness of historical costumes, the role of the second renaissance of the Timurid period in the artistic education of young people and its important conditions, the formation of spiritual and moral qualities of the young generation in the national, artistic and aesthetic spirit, and the further development of the moral potential of young people in visual arts. Directed.</p> Baymetov Botir Boltabaevich Usmanova Akida Saidasrorovna Copyright (c) 2023 2023-05-30 2023-05-30 18 146 151 Methodology of Working on Verb Groups in Primary Classes <p>this article contains thoughts and opinions on the methods of working on the verb phrase in elementary grades. The methods are classified within the four stages of primary school. This article is relevant in that it reflects scientific opinions about practical application guidelines in parallel with theoretical information about methods and verb phrase.</p> Ergashova Mehriniso Husniddin qizi Copyright (c) 2023 2023-05-30 2023-05-30 18 152 154 Hepatitis Types of Viral Hepatitis Chronic Hepatitis Liver Cirrhosis Pathomorphology <p>In this article, liver diseases, including types of hepatitis, and their general pathology are described in detail, and relevant conclusions are given.</p> Zokirova Shohsanam Toyir kizi Abdusamatova Dinora Nurmat kizi Fozilov Miralisher Mirkamol ugli Anvarov Navro'zbek Anvar ugli Murodullayev Bekjon Nurali ugli Copyright (c) 2023 2023-05-30 2023-05-30 18 155 157 ICT Competence of the Student and Its Pedagogical and Psychological Features <p><em>This article discusses the development of the concept of information and communication competence in students and shows its pedagogical and psychological features. [3] The need for students to develop their ICT skills is undoubtedly a relevant issue given the conditions and educational environment today. This relevance is demonstrated by the trends and directions of numerous recent studies and scientific papers devoted to topics like ICT integration in the educational process, general issues of ICT competency formation, didactic potential of ICTs, cloud and digital technologies.</em></p> Jurayev Kuldoshjon Ismatullo-ogli Copyright (c) 0 2023-06-05 2023-06-05 18 158 161